Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith, an American. At the time, he was teaching at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. As peaches are abundant in the area, children here like to play the game of throwing a ball into a peach basket. This inspired him to learn from the characteristics of football, hockey and other ball projects to create a basketball game.\nAt first basketball games were simple, with no limits on the size of the court or the number of players. The players of the game are divided into two equal teams, respectively standing at the two ends of the court. After the referee throws the ball to the center of the court, the players of both sides rush into the court immediately to grab the ball, and strive to throw the ball into the other side's basket. Because the peach basket has a bottom, the ball stays in the basket after it is dropped, and one must climb a ladder to get the ball out of the basket.